Although cats and dogs can have many food sources from the human diet, certain foods are harmful and should be avoided. Take, for instance, alcohol. Alcohol can cause multiple problems, including intoxication, gastrointestinal irritation, respiratory distress, coma, and even death.
Avocado contains persin, a natural fungicidal toxin found in various fruits. Even though persin is harmless to humans, it can be toxic to dogs, cats, and animals. Its toxicity can lead to a range of symptoms, including gastrointestinal irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory distress, congestion, fluid accumulation around the tissues of the heart, and death.
Humans, generally kids, love chocolates, and for the same reasons, they believe a bar of chocolate can be fed to their pets and street dogs. Chocolates have a substance called theobromine, a naturally occurring alkaloid with pharmacological effects and is considered safe for humans if given in small and controlled quantities. However, large intakes of theobromine by animals can be fatal as they are susceptible to its effects. Theobromine can cause symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, rapid heartbeat, and seizures and can even be fatal in extreme cases.
Like chocolate, Caffeine is also dangerous for animals, especially dogs, and cats. Animals metabolize Caffeine more slowly than humans, and its accumulation in the system can cause caffeine toxicity which can vary on many factors, such as animal’s size, weight, and sensitivity to Caffeine, but can include -Restlessness or hyperactivity, Agitation or anxiety, Rapid heartbeat or palpitations, Increased body temperature, Muscle tremors or spasms, Vomiting or diarrhea, Seizures or convulsions, Collapse or death in severe cases. It must be noted that Caffeine is also found in many other products, such as energy drinks and medications besides tea and coffee; thus, if you observe that your pet is showing symptoms of caffeine toxicity, you must get veterinary attention immediately.
Other products humans must take care of while feeding dogs are cooked bones that can splinter and cause gastrointestinal obstruction or laceration, while fat trimmings can cause intestinal upset and pancreatitis. Minus fruits and vegetables and their variants, like grapes, raisins, sultanas, and currants, they can lead to kidney failure, and onions, garlic, and chives can cause gastrointestinal irritation and red blood cell damage. Similarly, tomatoes, potatoes, and yeast can cause violent gastrointestinal problems. Salt makes animals very thirsty, and excessive salt intake can result in excessive thirst, urination, or even sodium ion poisoning, so avoid it at all costs. Xylitol, an artificial sweetener used in candy, gum, toothpaste, baked goods, and some diet foods, can lead to insulin release and liver failure.